[B-Greek] Philippians 2:6
greekmeister1 at hotmail.com
Wed Nov 11 08:16:16 EST 2009
In answer to your question, the time element of participles is dependent on the time of the main verb. Hence, present participles happen contemporaneously to the time of the main verb, past participles happen prior to the time of the main verb, and future particples subsequent to the time of the main verb. In the sentence, hOS EN MORFH QEOU hUPARCWN OUC hARPAGMON hHGHSATO TO EINAI ISA QEW, hUPARCWN is contemporaneous with an aorist main verb and so is often, though not always, translated in the past tense even though it is a present tense participle.
> Date: Mon, 9 Nov 2009 11:47:36 -0800
> From: cornellmachiavelli at yahoo.com
> To: b-greek at lists.ibiblio.org
> Subject: [B-Greek] Philippians 2:6
> ος εν μορφη θεου υπαρχων ουχ αρπαγμον ηγησατο το ειναι ισα θεω
> Is not the verb here, υπαρχων, a Present Active Participle? All the translations have "existed" rather than "exists." What determines if a Participle in such a construction should be Present or Past tense in its clause?
> C. Q. Machiavelli
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