[B-Greek] 1 Corinthians 7:27 *LELUSAI* APO GUNAIKOS?
cwconrad2 at mac.com
Fri Jul 18 09:47:42 EDT 2008
On Jul 18, 2008, at 7:55 AM, Jonathan Robie wrote:
> I'm trying to understand the meaning of λέλυσαι ἀπὸ
> γυναικός; (LELUSAI
> APO GUNAIKOS) in 1 Corinthians 7:27. Does the phrase λέλυσαι
> γυναικός (LELUSAI APO GUNAIKOS) mean "released from a
> woman", as in
> divorced, or just "free of a woman"? Translations go both ways. In
> words, is a previous state of marriage presumed?
Compare the usage of LUW and DEW with regard to ecclesiasatical
decisions regarding membership in (Mt 5:19f, 16:18-19, 18:18. The
simplest way of putting these distinctions, I think, is "dissolve an
association" and "make an association binding." What is presumed, I
think, is not a "state of marriage" in terms of some sanction by state
or religion as, more simply, a deliberate association. LELUSAI APO
GUNAIKOS; MH ZHTEI GUNAIKA -- "you've got quit from a woman? Don't go
looking for a woman." And remember, of course, that Greek makes no
distinction between GUNH as "woman" and "wife." A woman in a
"deliberate association" is a wife.
> Here's the context:
> 1 Corinthians 7:26
> Νομίζω οὖν τοῦτο καλὸν ὑπάρχειν
> διὰ τὴν ἐνεστῶσαν ἀνάγκην,
> ὅτι καλὸν ἀνθρώπῳ τὸ οὕτως εἶναι.
> 27 δέδεσαι γυναικί;
> μὴ ζήτει λύσιν
> λέλυσαι ἀπὸ γυναικός;
> μὴ ζήτει γυναῖκα.
> 28 ἐὰν δὲ καὶ γαμήσῃς,
> οὐχ ἥμαρτες
> καὶ ἐὰν γήμῃ ἡ παρθένος,
> οὐχ ἥμαρτεν.
> θλῖψιν δὲ τῇ σαρκὶ ἕξουσιν οἱ
> ἐγὼ δὲ ὑμῶν φείδομα
> 1 Corinthians 7:26
> NOMIZW OUN TOUTO KALON hUPARCEIN DIA THN ENESTWSAN ANAGKHN,
> hOTI KALON ANQRWPWi TO hOUTWS EINAI.
> 27 dEDESAI GUNAIKI;
> MH ZHTEI LUSIN
> LELUSAI APO GUNAIKOS;
> MH ZHTEI GUNAIKA.
> 28 EAN DE KAI GAMHSHiS,
> OUC hHMARTES
> KAI EAN GHMHi hH PARQENOS,
> OUC hHMARTEN.
> QLIYIN DE THi SARKI hEXOUSIN hOI TOIOUTOI,
> EGW DE hUMWN FEIDOMAI.
> BDAG has a note in the entry for LUW for 1 Corinthians 7:27.
> Honestly, I
> don't completely grasp it:
>> a previous state of being 'bound' need not be assumed, cp Chion, Ep.
>> 7,3 LHLUMENWS=[speak] in an unrestrained manner.See also Simplicius
>> Epict. p. 129, 3: 'one who does not found a family is EULUTOS', i.e.
>> free). The pf. pass. ptc. 1Mg12:1 is the negation of DEDEMAI, i.e.
>> unbound. On 1Sm 6:2 s. comm. by WBauer. EK instead of APO.: L. TINA
>> TWN hAMARTWN free someone from sins.
> I think that LELUSAI is perfect, and that Danker is saying this
> form may reflect the current state without reference to a definite
> state of having been bound, giving examples of perfects that can be
> taken this way. Did I get his point? So it sounds like Danker, at
> would not see this as a clear reference to people who have been
> but no longer are?
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Carl W. Conrad
Department of Classics, Washington University (Retired)
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