[B-Greek] hOI PAR' AUTOU
George F Somsel
gfsomsel at yahoo.com
Wed Jan 16 16:24:13 EST 2008
20 Καὶ ἔρχεται εἰς οἶκον· καὶ συνέρχεται πάλιν [ὁ] ὄχλος, ὥστε μὴ δύνασθαι αὐτοὺς μηδὲ ἄρτον φαγεῖν. 21 καὶ ἀκούσαντες οἱ παρʼ αὐτοῦ ἐξῆλθον κρατῆσαι αὐτόν· ἔλεγον γὰρ ὅτι ἐξέστη.
20 KAI ERXETAI EIS OIKON KAI SUNERXETAI PALIN [hO] OXLOS, hWSTE MH DUNASQAI AUTOUS MHDE ARTON FAGEIN. 21 KAI AKOUSANTES hOI PAR' AUTOU ECHQON KRATHSAI AUTON; ELEGON GAR hOTI ECESTH
I find only one other similar construction in the NT or LXX which is comparable. In Mk 5.26 we read
καὶ πολλὰ παθοῦσα ὑπὸ πολλῶν ἰατρῶν καὶ δαπανήσασα τὰ παρʼ αὐτῆς πάντα καὶ μηδὲν ὠφεληθεῖσα ἀλλὰ μᾶλλον εἰς τὸ χεῖρον ἐλθοῦσα,
KAI POLLA PAQOUSA hUPO POLLWN hIATRWN KAI DAPANHSASA TA PAR' AUTHS PANTA KAI MHDEN WFELHQEISA ALLA MALLON EIS TO XEIRON ELQOUSA
It appears that generally the context makes clear that the pronoun refers to something closely related to the person referenced. It was "her" whatever one might spend (money, property). Similarly it would be Jesus' companions (not necessarily his family). In fact, it would almost seem that his family would be excluded since it is not until 3.31 that we read
Καὶ ἔρχεται ἡ μήτηρ αὐτοῦ καὶ οἱ ἀδελφοὶ αὐτοῦ καὶ ἔξω στήκοντες ἀπέστειλαν πρὸς αὐτὸν καλοῦντες αὐτόν.
KAI ERXETAI hH MHTHR AUTOU KAI hOI ADELFOI AUTOU KAI ECW STHKONTES APESTEILAN PROS AUTON KALOUNTES AUTON
If they could only later be said to have come, then it would seem that they could not have previously been παρʼ αὐτοῦ [PAR' AUTOU] at the time referenced.
… search for truth, hear truth,
learn truth, love truth, speak the truth, hold the truth,
defend the truth till death.
- Jan Hus
----- Original Message ----
From: Hugh Donohoe Jr. <justusjcmylord at yahoo.com>
To: blist greek <b-greek at lists.ibiblio.org>
Sent: Wednesday, January 16, 2008 2:59:26 PM
Subject: [B-Greek] hOI PAR' AUTOU
In the enigmatic pericope found in Mark (3:20-1)where
Jesus' family comes to get him because they think he
is crazy. The phrase hOI PAR' AUTOU was translated
unanimously 'his family' with the exception of the NAS
which has the similar 'his own'. I had always taken
the hOI PAR' AUTOU as an idiom for family. The phrase
is not found elsewhere in the NT. I found the phrase
in I Maccabees 9:58. IWNATHAN KAI PAR' AUTOU,
'Jonathan and those with him' (KJV), 'Jonathan and his
supporters' (NJB). So evidently context determines the
content of the phrase. I was wondering if anyone could
find this phrase being used as it is taken in Mark
(i.e. for family) elsewhere in the Classical and
Hugh J. Donohoe Jr.
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