[B-Greek] Matt 4:3//Lk. 4:3
cwconrad2 at mac.com
Wed Apr 30 16:25:26 EDT 2008
On Apr 30, 2008, at 2:48 PM, Jeffrey B. Gibson wrote:
> What evidence may be put forward to support the claim that GENWNTAI in
> Matt. 4:3//Lk. 4:3 means 'be made', not 'become', and that the hINA
> found there is "ecbatic" or eventual?
> Has any commentator/grammarian ever argued that these words are to be
> taken this way in Matt. 4:3//Lk. 4:3?
I can't tell you a thing about what commentators say, but it seems to
me that this is really pretty straightforward:
Mt 4:3 καὶ προσελθὼν ὁ πειράζων εἶπεν
αὐτῷ· εἰ υἱὸς εἶ τοῦ θεοῦ, εἰπὲ
ἵνα οἱ λίθοι οὗτοι ἄρτοι γένωνται.
[KAI PROSELQWN hO PEIRAZWN EIPEN AUTWi: EI hUIOS EI TOU QEOU, EIPE
hINA hOI LIQOI hOUTOI ARTOI GENWNTAI]
Lk 4:3 εἶπεν δὲ αὐτῷ ὁ διάβολος· εἰ
υἱὸς εἶ τοῦ θεοῦ, εἰπὲ τῷ λίθῳ
τούτῳ ἵνα γένηται ἄρτος. [EIPEN DE AUTWi hO
DIABOLOS: EI hUIOS EI TOU QEOU, EIPE TWI LIQWi TOUTWi hINA GENHTAI
I'd argue that the imperative EIPE in both sentences has the sense of
"give the order" and that the hINA clauses are in both sentences to be
understood as substantive clauses with hINA GENWNTAI/GENHTAI more or
less equivalent to infinitive: "Tell these stones to turn into loaves
of bread" and "Tell this stone to turn into a loaf of bread."
Carl W. Conrad
Department of Classics, Washington University (Retired)
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