[B-Greek] ALLOS, 1 Cor 3:10
benjamin_pehrson at sil.org
Tue Aug 30 18:15:54 EDT 2005
Your question is a good one and I think the answer comes down to a
difference between the unaffected meaning of ALLOS and various nuances of
meaning that are affected by the context. Morphologically, I think we have
to say that ALLOS does not have a collective sense. The plural form is
readily available for that (7-8 times in the Corinthian correspondence).
However, such singular pronouns are frequently used to individualize
something that the author is addressing to the whole audience. In this way,
it can have a collective sense even in the singular, but it is dependent on
This especially happens in subjunctive/conditional/imperative/hypothetical/
potential clauses, and in fact, it happens with TIS in vv. 12-13: EI DE
It happens again in vs. 17 with TIS. Paul is giving this warning to the
whole of his 2nd person plural audience, but he individualizes the warning
by using these singular pronouns.
hEKASTOS itself is interesting in this regard because it is used in
different contexts to either emphasize each individual ("each and every") or
each of the whole group ("each and all"). This is supported syntactically
by the fact that it may agree with either singular or plural verbs.
From: b-greek-bounces at lists.ibiblio.org
[mailto:b-greek-bounces at lists.ibiblio.org] On Behalf Of Paul Toseland
Sent: Tuesday, August 30, 2005 1:53 PM
To: b-greek at lists.ibiblio.org
Subject: [B-Greek] ALLOS, 1 Cor 3:10
1 Cor 3:10 KATA THN CARIN TOU QEOU THN DOQEISAN MOI hWS SOFOS
ARKITEKTWN QEMELION EQHKA, ALLOS DE EPOIKODOMEI. hEKASTOS
DE BLEPETW PWS EPOIKODMEI.
A recently published book interprets hEKASTOS as follows, 'each of the
are included within *the collective term ALLOS* .'
My question: does ALLOS admit a collective sense? Or more generally, is
that, despite the singular form ALLOS, Paul might mmean here not,
'someone else is
building on it', but rather, 'others build on it'? I don't see how, but
maybe I am missing
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