[B-Greek] KAI AUTOUS--Mark 1:19
markosl80 at yahoo.com
Wed Feb 18 15:08:40 EST 2004
Thank you for the lead to B-D-F. The 1 Km. passage is very interesting, as the construction is very similar-- the verb in question is even hORAW. Saul is looking for someone who knows how to play the harp well, and one of his servants replies: hEWRAKA hUION TWi IESSAI KAI AUTON EIDOTA YALMON, "I have seen a son of Jesse and *him knowing* harp-playing. So it seems that this is an unusual but possible construction. My guess is that it arises from a form of speaking that adds facts by parallelism: "he saw James and John, yes, he saw them in a boat..." by omission of the repeated verb. I think I would render the function of KAI here into (archaic) English thus: "He saw James... and John... even in a boat mending the nets" "even" being here an "intensive particle emphasizing identity", as my dictionary puts it.
CARIS KAI EIRHNH,
"Stephen C. Carlson" <scarlson at mindspring.com> wrote:
At 03:22 PM 2/16/04 -0800, Mark Lama wrote:
>Hello, fellow B-Greekers!
>Today I noticed what seems like a curious construction in Mark 1:19:
>KAI PROBAS OLIGON EIDEN IAKWBON TON TOU ZEBEDAIOU KAI IWANNHN TON ADELFON
>AUTOU, KAI AUTOUS EN TWi PLOIWi KATARTIZONTAS TA DIKTUA.
>am I all wrong, and this sentence is still somehow grammatical, or the
>solecism, if there be one, should be accounted for in another way?
Blass-Debrunner-Funk § 442(9), p. 229, claim that the KAI in KAI AUTOUS
here is epexegetical ("that is to say") and cites LXX 1 Km 16:18 for
comparison. They cite other examples with demonstrative pronouns. That
is to say, the phrase headed by AUTOUS functions as a direct object of
EIDEN and explains something about James of Zebedee and John his brother.
Stephen C. Carlson mailto:scarlson at mindspring.com
"Poetry speaks of aspirations, and songs chant the words." Shujing 2.35
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