Words Classified By Roots

Daniel Riaño danielrr at retemail.es
Fri Sep 8 10:58:20 EDT 2000

>  The safe
>route is to simply avoid it entirely if you don't have the time to study a
>whole long list of technical and semi-technical works* on lexical semantics.

It is interesting to note in this regard that, in the discussion of 
the word QEO/S of his (wonderful) *Greek religion*, Burkert does not 
even mention etymology (see pp. 271-2; It would be reading *too* much 
in pp. 112 to see any attempt to relate it with QEA=SQAI !!?) but 
remits the reader to A.Brelich "Paides e Parthenoi", Rome 1969 (non 
vidi) in addition to the main literature on the subject (Gallavotti, 
Frisk); I was not able to consult the addenda included the last 
eddition with supplement to the basic reference work for Greek 
Etymology, Chantraine's Dictionnaire 'Etymologique; but in his 
discussion of Chantraine's *QEO/S* (Lingua 1971, p. 170) Ruijgh's 
does not opposes the interpretations given there. [FWIW Shiler's 
Compartive Grammar... also considers the root unknown]

For anybody interested in "applied" etymology, it is a pleasure to 
read how the scientific mind works with such data in the also 
wonderful E. Benveniste "Le Vocabulaire des institutions 
indo-europ'eenes" (1969) (There is a Spanish translation and, I 
think, also another one into English), where, incidentally, the 
relation of QEO/S with lat feriae is considered the most probable.

I'll take the opportunity to announce that a commented bibliography 
on recent etymology work on the Greek lexicon is being prepared at 
the DGE quarters in Madrid, and will hopefully appear as another 
annex to the DGE (the same series where the  RBLG appeared; I'll post 
again when the work is to come, but that will take yet *considerable* 

P.S. An up to date short list on basic lexical-Semantics!? Ufff!. 
Some titles that immediately comes to the mind are the "classic" 
Lyons "Semantics", Lakoff's "Women Fire and Dangerous Things", with 
abundant bibliography [but note that it is a constant in Lakoff's 
work (and others') that he *only* quotes works in English]; Langacker 
"Foundations of Cognitive Grammar"; the second volume of F.R. Adrados 
"Linguistica Estructural" Madrid, 2ed. 1974 (1980),; Less obvious but 
slightly more updated the book I was reading now: Levin, Beth and 
Pinker, Steven "Lexical and conceptual semantics" 1991 Amsterdam 
(1995, Cambridge) [see pp. 153 ss!). Of a far more practical nature 
and with immediate relevance for Greek lexicon, see F.R. Adrados "La 
semántica en el Diccionario Griego-Español" in Actas del Congreso 
Internacional de Semántica (in press, but you can read it now on line 
at http://www.filol.csic.es/dge/bib/bib1.htm). It will take me some 
time to compile one acceptable list, but I'll put hands to work ASAP 
and I'll send it to the BGreek list so that it's members can compare 
it with other lists from members more versated than myself in such 
Daniel Riaño Rufilanchas
Madrid, España

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