The usage of TOU + Infinitive in Gal 3:10

Moon-Ryul Jung moon at saint.soongsil.ac.kr
Sun Dec 3 20:50:37 EST 2000


I think what Alan tries to say makes sense. It is especially so when we
look at the Hebbrew text behind Gal 3:12:

Lev 18:5
 BAHEM      WAKAI            HAADAM      OTAM      YAASEH    ASHER 
 in-them    then lives-he     the-man     them     does       which

(Which if man does he will live in them)

 It is translated as follows:

 hO POIHSAS AUTA ZHSETAI EN AUTOIS
 
"If man does [which], he will live in them" is translated to
"the one doing them will live in them".

Here YAASEH (does) is in imperfective. The imperfective situation is
expressed by the aorist participial clause hO POIHSAS AUTA in Gal 3:12.

I wonder why the translators of LXX did not translate the imperfective
situation expressed by the clause ASHER YAASEH OTAM into

hO POIWN AUTA.

My guess is that the imperfective situation of ASHER YAASHE OTAM does
not emphasize the on-goingness of the situation, rather points to the
potentiality of the situation as a whole. The situation as a whole is
best expressed by the aorist in Greek. The aorist does not necessarily
refer to the completion of the situation. So, translating hO POIHAS AUTA
into "the one who gets them performed" seems reading too much into the
passage.


Moon

Moon-Ryul Jung
Associate Professor
Dept of Digital Media
Sogang Univ, Seoul, Korea
 
 
> In light of this comment you made:
> 
> that the articular infinitive is in the aorist, which
> does suggest to me "so as to get them performed"
> rather than "so as to perform them
> continually/repeatedly."
> 
> 
> How would you see this relating to the aorist, which
> seems a bit out of place, in verse 12:
> 
> ALL hO POIHSAS AUTA ZHSETAI EN AUTOIS
> 
> Many translations seem to take this as an
> imperfective, "the one doing these things."
> 
> This would seem to be in agreement with what Moon is
> trying to suggest, I think.
> 
> 
> 
> 
> 
> =====
> Sincerely,
> 
> Alan B. Thomas
> 
> "the questions that rose out of the depths of the mystery 
> of Job were answered only by a deeper mystery....
> that of God Himself." (Elisabeth Elliot)
> 
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