Ephesians ~ Generic Dative?

Bill Ross wross at farmerstel.com
Mon Apr 26 12:13:35 EDT 1999

Carl's right that the most natural way to read a form of EIMI + perf. pass.
participle is as a periphrastic form of the verb.  It happens all the time
and is not unusual at all.

The point was well made and is well taken. However, is it *necessarily* so,
since the non-periphrasatic exists, and since EIMI can stand alone? Can it

"By grace you are, having been saved through faith"

or *must* it be

"By grace you have been saved through faith"


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